WaPo – China’s breathtaking transformation into a scientific superpower

https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/chinas-breathtaking-transformation-into-a-scientific-superpower/2018/01/21/03f883e6-fd44-11e7-8f66-2df0b94bb98a_story.html?utm_term=.2f88bdf4d28b

https://www.nsf.gov/statistics/2018/nsb20181/

https://www.nsf.gov/statistics/2018/nsb20181/report

https://www.nsf.gov/statistics/2018/nsb20181/digest/sections/preface

  • National Science Foundation and the National Science Board have just released their biennial “Science & Engineering Indicators
    describing the state of American technology
    •  report’s main conclusion lies elsewhere: China has become — or is on the verge of becoming — a scientific and technical superpower
  • China has become the second- largest R&D spender, accounting for 21percent of the world total of nearly $2trillion in 2015
    •  United States, at 26 percent, ranks higher
  • explosion of technical papers by Chinese teams
    • China leads in engineering studies
  • China has significantly expanded its technical workforce
    • From 2000 to 2014, the annual number of science and engineering bachelor’s degree graduates went from about 359,000 to 1.65 million (U.S. graduates went from about 483,000 to 742,000)
  • China still lags in patents received
  • China’s determination to dominate new industries such as artificial intelligence, telecommunications and computers could lead to economic warfare if China maintains subsidies and discriminatory policies 

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